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Japanese care symbols одежда



Japan Implements New Clothing Care Symbols with ISO Standards from December 1, 2016

2017 will mark a great change in a certain aspect of Japan’s textile and garments industry.

According to the recently passed Household Goods Quality Labeling Act, Japan will implement a new textile and clothing care standard that are in accordance with the ISO international care labeling system (ISO 3758-2012).

This new labeling standard, called JIS L0001-2014, will replace Japan’s previous care label symbols (which the country had used exclusively for decades) and replace them with new ones that are more in tune to what the rest of the world uses. This Act will be in effect starting the 1st of December 2016.

The JIS L0001-2014 will increase the number of care symbols from 22 to 41, thus providing end consumers with more detailed information regarding the proper care of their garments.

These care symbols are then further grouped according to care category (i.e. washing, bleaching, natural and tumble drying, wringing, ironing, professional textile care, and commercial dry cleaning).

Here are some of the new symbols that the JIS L0001-2014 will use moving forward.

Washing
The old washing-machine symbols are replaced by the more stylized and internationally-recognizable washtub icons. The range of the recommended temperatures is expanded, creating new seven symbols in total. Two new symbols that describe the mild and very mild washing process are also added.

Bleaching
There used to be only two bottle-shaped symbols for bleaching that describes whether you can use chlorine bleach on the garment or not. The JIS L0001-2014 changes the shape of the symbol to a more universal triangle, and adds another icon for oxygen bleach.

Natural Drying
The look of the overall symbol is changed. Four new symbols are also added, each describing what kind of drying procedure is best for the garment (dry in shade, line dry in shade, drip dry, drip dry in shade).

Tumble Drying
Japan didn’t have symbols for tumble drying before, but the JIS L0001-2014 now adds three symbols for it (low temperature tumble drying, normal tumble drying, do no tumble dry).

Wringing
The icon for wringing is removed completely. It is now part of the natural drying category.

Ironing
The basic shape of the icon remains the same. The clothes-iron shaped symbol is still there, however the little icons inside them that describe the recommended temperature for ironing are changed into dots. One dot means low temperature, two dots for medium, and three dots for high. A clothes-iron symbol with an X across it means that the garment shouldn’t be ironed.

Commercial dry-cleaning
The commercial dry-cleaning symbols are expanded into five. The symbol for dry cleaning is a circle, with a specific letter inside it to describe the kind of solvents that can be used on a specific garment, plus lines underneath to describe the kind of cleaning it can handle.

If it’s “F” only hydrocarbon solvents should be used. “F” with a line underneath means gentle cleaning with hydrocarbon solvents. “F” with double lines underneath it means hydrocarbon solvents with VERY gentle cleaning. “P” meanwhile means any solvent can be used except for tetrachloroethylene. The number of lines underneath the “P” also describes the kind of dry cleaning the garment can handle.

Professional textile care category
There were not any symbols for professional textile care before. The JIS L0001-2014 now adds four symbols to it. W stands for wet cleaning.

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Japan Harmonizes Clothing Care Symbols with ISO Standards

On December 1, 2016, Japan will harmonize textile and clothing care labels with internationally recognized symbols.

Under the Household Products Quality Labelling Law, care labeling standard JIS L0001-2014 will synchronize Japanese clothing labels with International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 3758:2012 “Textile – Care Labelling Code Using Symbols”.

The new standard includes five basic textile care symbols, which will be displayed in the order of washing, bleaching, ironing and professional textile care treatments of dry and wet cleaning, along with a number of additional symbols. This increases the number of care symbols used in Japanese garments from 22, under JIS L0217-1995, to 41, under JIS L0001-2014.

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In addition to harmonizing the use of care label symbols with internationally recognized standards, the new regulations will effectively replace words with symbols. Word will now only be acceptable on care labels when they supplement the information given by the symbol. The new care labels must be visible, indelible and easily accessible to the consumer. Stakeholders are advised to check their products are compliant with the new regulations.

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Care Labels

Contents

Introduction

Care instructions are small solutions to big problems. Care labels provide guidelines to consumers about apparel care, and the best cleaning procedures to be used for a particular combination of fabric, thread decoration and construction techniques. Following the instructions on the care labels is an assurance that the appearance and fit of the garment will be maintained after repeated cleaning treatments.

From a manufacturer’s point of view, damage to garments from incorrect cleaning methods can lead to complaints; costly customer returns and a bad image. Whereas accurate and clearly written care labels can prevent customer dissatisfaction. From a consumer’s point of view, accurate and clearly written care instructions serve as a cleaning guide and influence purchase. Garments with ease of care are often preferred over garments with complicated or difficult to understand care procedures.

Many different care labelling systems have evolved over the world. Some have been established as a governmental regulation, while others are international standards. Not all of them however, are mandatory.

This Bulletin Post is a comprehensive guide to the different care labelling systems, their usage and the newly developed Fabric Performance Codes.

Lesser Known Facts About Care Labels

  • The country where the garment is sewn is the country of origin listed on the care label
  • Care labels must be permanently attached so that they are easily accessible to the consumer at the point of purchase. Generally, it is placed on the side or bottom
  • The manufacturer or importer who directs production is responsible for the accuracy of care instructions
  • A product may be imported without a care label, but it must be attached before the product is sold

Care Labelling Systems

There are five care labelling systems which are generally used on care labels. These systems are:

  • The International Care Labelling System
  • The Japanese Care Labelling System
  • The Canadian Care Labelling System
  • The European Care Labelling System
  • The American Care Labelling System

The International Care Labelling System

The International Association for Textile CareLabelling (GINETEX) is the world body which governs care labels since 1975.

Member nations of GINETEX are Belgium, France, Germany, England, Netherlands, Israel, Austria, Switzerland, and Spain.

Its objectives are to:

  • Inform consumers on the correct care labelling of textiles through a system of uniform and simple care labelling symbols, independent of language
  • Achieve and promote voluntary care labelling on an international basis through the uniform symbols of GINETEX, thus avoiding the use of different systems

The GINETEX care labelling system is based on the following principles:

  • The care symbols provide information on the maximum permitted type of treatment
  • The care symbols must always be used in full and in the prescribed sequence
  • The care labelling must be clear, readily understandable, easy to use and not dependent on any particular language
  • The care symbols must not leave room for possible misinterpretation by the consumer
  • Uniform positioning of labels and harmonised use of the care symbols
  • The uniform care labelling system using symbols must take account of consumer habits without using complex technical data
  • The appliances used for textile care purposes must ensure the best possible implementation of the recommended care treatment
  • Adaptations which are necessary to keep up with ongoing technical and economic developments must as far as possible be made without the use of new symbols and additions in the framework of the existing system
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Five basic symbols are used in the International care labelling system in this order:

Note: The symbols for the International Care Labelling System are the same as those listed in the European Care Labelling System.

The Japanese Care Labelling System

The Japanese system, like other care labelling systems must have symbols placed in a specified order. Labels should be designed based on the following convention:

  • Symbols should be arranged from left to right according to the following sequence: 1) Washing, 2) Bleaching, 3) Ironing, 4) Dry-Cleaning, 5) Wringing & 6) Drying
  • For coloured products which are not usually bleached, the symbol for possibility of chlorine bleached may be omitted
  • For products which are not usually ironed, the symbols for ironing may be omitted. (Except ‘cannot be ironed’)
  • For products which can be washed with water, the symbols for dry-cleaning may be omitted. (Except ‘cannot be dry-cleaned’)
  • The symbols should be either in black or dark blue whereas the prohibition symbols are in red and on a white background
Japanese Care Labelling — Washing (with water)

Washing (with water)
Machine washable in maximum water temperature of 95°C Machine washable at slow water current or gentle hand wash in maximum water temperature of 40°C
Machine washable in maximum water temperature of 60°C Machine washable at slow water current or gentle hand wash in maximum water temperature of 30°C
Machine washable in maximum water temperature of 40°C Should be washed gently by hand (not machine washable)
Cannot be washed with water
Japanese Care Labelling — Bleaching

Bleaching
Chlorine-based bleaching allowed Do not use chlorine-based bleach
Japanese Care Labelling — Ironing

Ironing
Should be ironed at a temperature between 180°C — 210°C Cannot be ironed
Should be ironed at a temperature between 140°C — 160°C May be ironed at 180°C — 210°C if a cloth is placed between iron and garment
Should be ironed at a temperature between 80°C — 120°C
Japanese Care Labelling — Dry Cleaning

Dry Cleaning
Can be dry cleaned
Use solvent of perchloroethylene or of petroleum based solvent
Cannot be dry cleaned
Can be dry cleaned
Use only a petroleum based solvent
Japanese Care Labelling — Wringing

Wringing
Wring gently by hand or for a short time by centrifugal hydroextractor Cannot be wrung
Japanese Care Labelling — Drying

Drying
Hang dry Lay flat to dry
Hang dry in shade Lay flat to dry in shade

The Canadian Care Labelling System

Until July 1973 care labelling was not a legal requirement in Canada. After this date a new care labelling system was introduced. The new Canadian care symbol system used green (go ahead), amber (caution), and red (don’t try) with five symbols which were wash tub, bleach triangle, square dryer, iron, and dry cleaning circle. In 2003 the Canadian system was updated to harmonise with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and (ISO) standards, and the colour code was discontinued.

The European Care Labelling System

Individual committees of the European Union are reviewing existing care label standards by collaborating with other international bodies so that they can create a unified system under the ISO scheme.

The symbols used in Europe are trademarked by GENETEX and a trademark fee needs to be paid to GENETEX, the trademark holder, if the garments are to be sold in a GENETEX country.

A correct care label for European countries is required to consist of at least four and sometimes five symbols in the following sequence: 1) Washing, 2) Bleaching, 3) Ironing, 4) Dry-Cleaning & 5) Drying.

European Care Labelling — Washing Process

Washing Process
Maximum temperature 95°C
Mechanical action normal
Rinsing normal
Spinning normal
Maximum temperature 40°C
Mechanical action normal
Rinsing normal
Spinning normal
Maximum temperature 95°C
Mechanical action reduced
Rinsing at gradually decreasing temperature (cool down)
Spinning reduced
Maximum temperature 40°C
Mechanical action reduced
Rinsing at gradually decreasing temperature (cool down)
Spinning reduced
Maximum temperature 70°C
Mechanical action normal
Rinsing normal
Spinning normal
Maximum temperature 40°C
Mechanical action much reduced
Rinsing normal
Spinning normal
Do not wring by hand
Maximum temperature 60°C
Mechanical action normal
Rinsing normal
Spinning normal
Maximum temperature 30°C
Mechanical action much reduced
Rinsing normal
Spinning reduced
Maximum temperature 60°C
Mechanical action reduced
Rinsing at gradually decreasing temperature (cool down)
Spinning reduced
Hand wash only
Do not machine wash
Maximum temperature 40°C
Handle with care
Maximum temperature 50°C
Mechanical action reduced
Rinsing at gradually decreasing temperature (cool down)
Spinning reduced
Do not wash
Be cautious when treating in wet stage
European Care Labelling — Bleaching Process

Bleaching Process
Chlorine-based bleaching allowed.
Only cold and dilute solution.
Do not use chlorine-based bleach
European Care Labelling — Ironing Process

Ironing Process
Iron at a maximum sole-plate temperature of 200°C Iron at a maximum sole-plate temperature of 110°C
Steam-ironing may be risky
Iron at a maximum sole-plate temperature of 150°C Do not iron
Steaming and steam treatments are not allowed
European Care Labelling — Dry Cleaning Process

Dry Cleaning Process
Dry-cleaning in all solvents normally used for dry-cleaning — this includes all solvents listed for the symbol P, plus trichloroethylene and 1,1, 1-trichloroethane Dry-cleaning in trifluorotrichloroethane, white spirit (distillation temperature between 150°C and 210°C, flash point 38°C to 60°C)
Normal cleansing procedures without restrictions.
Dry-cleaning in tetrachloroethylene, monofluorotrichloro methane and all solvents listed for the symbol F
Normal cleansing procedures without restrictions
Dry-cleaning in the solvents listed in the previous paragraph. Strict limitations on the addition of water and / or mechanical action and / or temperature during cleaning and / or drying
No self-service cleaning allowed
Dry-cleaning in the solvents listed in the previous paragraph. Strict limitations on the addition of water and / or mechanical action and / or temperature during cleaning and / or drying
No self-service cleaning allowed
Do not dry-clean
No stain removal with solvents
European Care Labelling — Drying Process

Drying Process
Tumble dry possible
Normal drying cycle
Do not tumble dry
Tumble dry possible
Drying at lower temperature setting

The American Care Labelling System

According to the Federal Trade Commission’s Care Label rule, care labels may be composed of either words or symbols. Irrespective of whether the content is words, symbols, or both, care instructions appear in the following order:

  1. Machine wash / hand wash / dry-clean
  2. Washing temperature (hot / warm / cold)
  3. Washing machine programme (delicate / permanent press / normal cycle)
  4. Bleaching instruction (do not bleach / non-chlorine bleach / chlorine bleach)
  5. Drying method (tumble dry / line dry / flat dry / drip dry)
  6. Ironing (do not iron / cool iron / warm iron / hot iron)
  7. Warnings

In addition to the care label instructions, manufacturers and importers must provide labels that:

  • Are permanently attached so that they can be easily seen at the point of sale. If the product is packaged, displayed or folded so that the customers cannot find the label, care information must also appear on the side of the package or on a hang tag
  • Remain fastened and legible during the useful life of the product
  • Mention the regular care needed for the ordinary use of the product
  • Warn the customer about additional factors which may harm the garment

Since December 1996, a new system using only symbols and no words has been used in the United States of America. The revised care symbols developed by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) with their meanings are listed below.

Symbols used in the American Care Labelling System (ASTM Symbols)

Fabric Performance Codes

The Premiere Vision Performance Codes were created to highlight specific properties or qualities of the fabric. These are value-added characteristics of the fabric which may or may not be visible to the buyer.

Premiere Vision has created 24 pictograms that are listed below with their meanings:

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